There is a form of depression that consists of both extreme highs and extreme lows. During the lows, the person suffers from extreme sadness, loss of pleasure, fatigue, and possibly suicidal thoughts. During the highs, known as “manic” or “mania” phases, the individual experiences bursts of extreme energy, sometimes with positive “euphoric” feelings along with scattered thoughts and feelings of grandeur.
This is known as bipolar disorder. It is a type of depression that shifts between highs and lows and can last for weeks on end.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Mania and depression are two distinctly different conditions. During periods of depression, the patient may experience:
- Negative mood, such as loneliness, emptiness, or sadness.
- Hypersomnia or insomnia (excessive sleep or trouble sleeping).
- Low self-esteem and low feelings of self-worth.
- Difficulty experiencing happiness, joy, or pleasure.
- Decreased motivation.
Some individuals may also have suicidal thoughts.
Mania is, in many ways, the opposite of depression. During a manic episode, the individual may experience:
- Racing thoughts.
- Delusions of grandeur.
- High energy.
- Euphoria and positive feelings.
- Recklessness or impulsiveness.
- Increase in creativity or drive.
Some individuals enjoy the manic episodes, because it provides them with a type of high. Those with bipolar disorder may also experience “mixed episodes.” These are when the individual experiences the energy and drive of mania, with the sadness and emptiness of depression.
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder in Kansas City, MO
Bipolar disorder is challenging. It can also be treated. There are many evidence based treatments available right now that have the potential to stop the bipolar cycling and help you live a better quality of life. If you believe you may be struggling with bipolar disorder, it is always a good idea to call a trained Kansas City psychologist that can walk you through evidence based therapies.
Here at Friendly Psychology, I work with many clients that are struggling to manage the highs and lows of bipolar disorder. I’d love an opportunity to meet for a session, discuss what you’ve been experiencing, and start utilizing the treatments available so that together we can help you control your bipolar symptoms. For more information, please call me at 858.224.3767 or email me at DrRanda@FriendlyPsychology.com.